Cinnamic Aldehyde, also known as cinnamaldehyde, is the main active ingredient (content> 75%) of the traditional Chinese medicine volatile oils of cinnamon. Cinnamon is the dry bark of Cinnamomum evergreen tree plant cinnamon. Cinnamaldehyde is naturally present in plant essential oils such as cinnamon, cassia leaves, hyacinths, roses, and patchouli.
1 Physical and chemical properties of cinnamaldehyde
Cinnamaldehyde is easily oxidized into Cinnamic Acid in the air. It is a colorless or slightly yellow or light green yellow oily liquid with strong cinnamon aroma, sweet and spicy taste and burning sensation, hardly soluble in water and glycerin, soluble in propylene glycol, miscible in ethanol, ether, Chloroform, non-volatile oil and volatile oil can volatilize with water vapor.
2 The role of cinnamaldehyde and its mechanism
2.1 Bactericidal disinfection and antisepsis, especially with significant inhibitory activity on fungi
2.2 Anti-ulcer, strengthen gastrointestinal movement
Its mechanism of action is due to the inhibition of ulcer active factors (gastric juice and pepsin) and the strengthening of defense factors (gastric blood flow rate), as well as inhibition of lower gastric mucosal potential and protection of mucosa.
2.3 Antiviral and antitumor effects
Cinnamaldehyde can inhibit tumorigenesis and has anti-mutagenic and anti-radiation effects.
2.4 Enhance the body's immune function
After entering the body, cinnamaldehyde can be degraded into the nutrients required by the body, and can stimulate the production of lactic acid bacteria, improve the humoral immunity and cellular immunity of animals, increase the level of IgG in serum, promote blood circulation, and increase animal T lymphocytes. Conversion rate and leukocyte phagocytosis.
3 Application of cinnamaldehyde on animals
Cinnamaldehyde can strengthen gastrointestinal movement, at the same time promote gastric secretion, enhance digestive function, and thus increase animal food intake; cinnamaldehyde has a good anti-mildew effect, feed added with cinnamaldehyde can be stored for a long time without mold, Does not change color and taste; cinnamaldehyde as a spice, its own unique flavor can increase the animal's appetite to eat, feed added cinnamaldehyde, without adding other spices and attractants, in addition, it can also be used as Cinnamon Spice.
3.1 Improve growth performance
With its unique bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects, cinnamaldehyde can have a positive effect on the digestion of animal nutrients in feed additives. Studies have shown that cinnamaldehyde can increase bile secretion in animals. The addition of cinnamaldehyde to diets has been shown to stimulate the activity of intestinal mucosa and pancreatic digestive enzymes.
3.2 Antibacterial and antitumor
Cinnamaldehyde may damage E. coli cells through oxidative stress and cause its death. Some scholars have used cinnamaldehyde to treat multiple piglets with diarrhea and found that the cure rate is above 75%, indicating that it has a good therapeutic effect.
3.3 Preservatives and freshness
With the improvement of the quality of life, consumers are increasingly demanding meat processing systems and consumption patterns. The safety, health, quality and freshness of meat foods have gradually deepened around the safety of chemical preservatives, and the demand for natural food preservatives has been sought. It is also increasing day by day, and it has become an urgent task to develop natural antiseptics with broad spectrum, high efficiency, safety, low cost and good bacteriostatic performance.
Cinnamaldehyde is a new type of green feed additive, which has a short development time and is currently in a period of rapid development. Cinnamaldehyde has been gradually recognized as a feed additive, and its feeding efficacy is also recognized and accepted by people.